Copyright, Acknowledgements, Citations

© International Seafood Sustainability Foundation 2014
This guidebook is a product of ISSF.
Version 2.0 - May 2014


Photo Credits:

ISSF would like to thank the Pacific Islands Regional Office of the National Marine Fisheries Service in the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Birdlife International and its Albatross Task Force, the Worldwide Fund for Nature (WWF), Jeffery Muir and John Carlson for content review, and all of the scientists and skippers that have contributed to our understanding of sustainable tuna fishing practices.

ISSF extend special thanks to the photographers who contributed images to this book: the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and its National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), the Worldwide Fund for Nature, Michael McGowan, Steve De Neef, Paul Zoeller, David Itano, Jefferson Murua, and Fabien Forget.


Alfonso, A.S., Santiago, R., Hazin, H., Hazin, F.H.V. (2012) Shark bycatch and mortality and hook bite-offs in pelagic longlines: Interactions between hook types and leader materials. Fisheries Research 131-133: 9-14.

Beverly, S., Chapman, L., Sokimi, W. (2003) Horizontal longline fishing methods and techniques: a manual for fishermen. Secretariat of the Pacific Community, Noumea, New Caledonia. 130 p.

Beverly, S., Robinson, E. (2004) New deep setting longline technique for bycatch mitigation. AFMA report number R03/1398. Secretariat of the Pacific Community, Noumea, New Caledonia. 30 p.

BirdLife International (2011) Seabird bycatch mitigation fact sheets: Practical information on seabird bycatch mitigation measures. BirdLife International and the Agreement on the Conservation of Albatrosses and Petrels (ACAP).

Food and Agriculture Organization. (2009) Fishing operations. 2. Best practices to reduce incidental catch of seabirds in capture fisheries. FAO Technical Guidelines for Responsible Fisheries. No. 1, Suppl. 2., FAO, Rome. 49 p.

Gilman, E., Kobayashi, D., Swenarton, T., Brothers, N., Dalzell, P., Kinan, I. (2007) Reducing sea turtle interactions in the Hawaii-based longline swordfish fishery. Biological Conservation 139: 19-28.

Gilman, E., Clarke, S., Brothers, N., Alfaro-Shigueto, J., Mandelman, J., Mangel, J., Peterson, S., Piovano, S., Thomson, N., Dalzell, P., Donoso, M., Goren, M., Werner, T. (2008) Shark interactions in pelagic longline fisheries. Marine Policy 32: 1-18.

Gilman, E., Bianchi, G. (2010) Guidelines to Reduce Sea Turtle Mortality in Fishing Operations. Fisheries and Aquaculture Department, FAO, Rome. 141 p.

Løkkeborg, S. (2011) Best practices to mitigate seabird bycatch in longline, trawl and gillnet fisheries — efficiency and practical applicability. Marine Ecology Progress Series 435: 285-303.

Pacific Islands Regional Office (2010) Identification, Handling, and Release of Protected Species. National Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.14 p.

Pacific Islands Regional Office (2010) Reducing and Mitigating Interactions between Sea Turtles and Pelagic Fisheries in the Western Pacific - Handling, Resuscitation, and Release of Sea Turtles. National Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. 4 p.

Poisson F., Vernet, A.L., Séret, B., Dagorn, L. (2012) Good practices to reduce the mortality of sharks and rays caught incidentally by the tropical tuna purse seiners. EU FP7 Project #210496 MADE, Deliverable 6.2, 30 p.

Ward, P., Lawrence, E., Darbyshire, R., Hindmarsh, S. (2007) Large-scale experiment shows that banning wire leaders help pelagic sharks and longline fishers. Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission, Scientific Committee Third Regular Session, Honolulu, HI, USA, 13-24 August. WCPFC-SC3-EB SWG/WP-5. 20 p.